PDO::query

(PHP 5 >= 5.1.0, PHP 7, PECL pdo >= 0.2.0)

PDO::query 执行 SQL 语句,以 PDOStatement 对象形式返回结果集

说明

public PDO::query ( string $statement ) : PDOStatement
public PDO::query ( string $statement , int $PDO::FETCH_COLUMN , int $colno ) : PDOStatement
public PDO::query ( string $statement , int $PDO::FETCH_CLASS , string $classname , array $ctorargs ) : PDOStatement
public PDO::query ( string $statement , int $PDO::FETCH_INTO , object $object ) : PDOStatement

PDO::query() 在单次函数调用内执行 SQL 语句,以 PDOStatement 对象形式返回结果集(如果有数据的话)。

如果反复调用同一个查询,用 PDO::prepare() 准备 PDOStatement 对象,并用 PDOStatement::execute() 执行语句,将具有更好的性能。

如果没有完整获取结果集内的数据,就调用下一个 PDO::query(),将可能调用失败。 应当在执行下一个 PDO::query() 前,先用 PDOStatement::closeCursor() 释放数据库PDOStatement 关联的资源。

Note:

如果传入函数的参数数量超过一个,多余的参数将相当于调用结果对象 PDOStatement::setFetchMode() 方法。

参数

statement

需要准备、执行的 SQL 语句。

查询里的数据应该用恰当的形式转义

返回值

PDO::query() 返回 PDOStatement 对象,或在失败时返回 FALSE

范例

Example #1 展示 PDO::query 的使用

PDO::query() 一个不错的功能是:执行 SELECT 语句,并能够循环遍历结果集。

<?php
function getFruit($conn) {
    
$sql 'SELECT name, color, calories FROM fruit ORDER BY name';
    foreach (
$conn->query($sql) as $row) {
        print 
$row['name'] . "\t";
        print 
$row['color'] . "\t";
        print 
$row['calories'] . "\n";
    }
}
?>

以上例程会输出:

apple   red     150
banana  yellow  250
kiwi    brown   75
lemon   yellow  25
orange  orange  300
pear    green   150
watermelon      pink    90

参见

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User Contributed Notes 6 notes

up
48
fredrik at NOSPAM dot rambris dot com
13 years ago
The handling of errors by this function is controlled by the attribute PDO::ATTR_ERRMODE.

Use the following to make it throw an exception:
<?php
$dbh
->setAttribute(PDO::ATTR_ERRMODE, PDO::ERRMODE_EXCEPTION);
?>
up
9
dozoyousan at gmail dot com
14 years ago
> When query() fails, the boolean false is returned.

I think that is "Silent Mode".
If that set attribute ErrorMode "Exception Mode"
then that throw PDOException.
$pdoObj = new PDO( $dsn, $user, $pass );
$pdoObj->setAttribute("PDO::ATTR_ERRMODE", PDO::ERRMODE_EXCEPTION);
up
5
marcos at marcosregis dot com
12 years ago
After a lot of hours working with DataLink on Oracle->MySQL and PDO we (me and Adriano Rodrigues, that solve it) discover that PDO (and oci too) need the attribute AUTOCOMMIT set to FALSE to work correctly with.
There's  3 ways to set autocommit to false: On constructor, setting the atribute after construct and before query data or initiating a Transaction (that turns off autocommit mode)

The examples:
<?php
// First way - On PDO Constructor
$options = array(PDO::ATTR_AUTOCOMMIT=>FALSE);

$pdo = new PDO($dsn,$user,$pass,$options);

// now we are ready to query DataLinks

?>

<?php
// Second Way - Before create statements
$pdo = new PDO($dsn,$user,$pass);

$pdo->setAttribute(PDO::ATTR_AUTOCOMMIT,FALSE);
// or
$pdo->beginTransaction();

// now we are ready to query DataLinks
?>

To use DataLinks on oci just use OCI_DEFAULT on oci_execute() function;
up
2
stefano[dot]bertoli [at] gmail[dot]com
6 years ago
Trying to pass like second argument PDO::FETCH_ASSOC it still work.

So passing FETCH TYPE like argument seems work.

This save you from something like:

<?php
$result
= $stmt->setFetchMode(PDO::FETCH_NUM);
?>

Example:
<?php
$res
= $db->query('SELECT * FROM `mytable` WHERE true', PDO::FETCH_ASSOC);

?>
up
-14
andrea at bhweb dot it
12 years ago
If someone is suffering of the "MySQL server has gone away" problem after executing multiple queries, this is a solution that solved it for me. It's similar to the one needed for the exact same problem in mysqli.

<?php
$stmt
=$db->prepare($query);
$stmt->execute();
do {
$stmt->fetch(); $stmt->closeCursor(); ++$line; } while($stmt-
>
nextRowset());
?>

I found this only works using prepare and execute this way, not if you
directly execute the query with query().
up
-9
Anonymous
1 year ago
The Documentation doesn’t mention this, but you can use a fetch style as a second parameter. For example:

<?php
    $data
=$pdo->query($sql,PDO::FETCH_NUM);
    foreach(
$data as $row) {
       
//    etc
   
}
?>
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